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The earliest ceramic bisque was pottery simply created from clay and hardened in a fire pit. Ceramics evolved to use glaze or glass like minerals to produce a more colorful, impervious surface. Ceramics include industrial, domestic use, building products and artistic pieces.
The word "ceramics" comes from the Greek word keramikos meaning "of pottery" or "for pottery”. The term “bisque” is of French origin and literally means “Twice baked”. Ceramic bisque is not twice baked – only until after the second glaze firing. So the use of this terminology is interesting – since ceramic bisque really is baked only once. Possibly the term originally implied that ceramic bisque must be baked once more during glaze firing to achieve the final product. In any case – ceramic bisque or biscuit refers to the initial kiln firing of raw dried clay. Earthenware ceramics is ceramic bisque made of porous clay fired at low heat of roughly cone 04-06 (around 1850 degrees Fahrenheit). Once this initial firing produces the bisque shape – the glaze will be applied to decorate the design and achieve a impervious surface. The terms “underglazes” and overglazes are modern terms indicating a color ceramics design (underlgaze) and a clear glaze cover coat (overglaze) to achieve a brilliant, durable finish. Bisque Imports ceramic supply includes a broad array of bisque designs along with the finest offering of Duncan underglazes and overglazes for all ceramic studio needs.